IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics

IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics (TVCG) is a monthly journal that publishes research on subjects related to computer graphics and visualization techniques, systems, software, hardware, and user interface issues. Read the full scope of TVCG.

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From the November 2017 issue

Occlusion Leak Compensation for Optical See-Through Displays Using a Single-Layer Transmissive Spatial Light Modulator

By Yuta Itoh, Takumi Hamasaki, and Maki Sugimoto

Featured articleWe propose an occlusion compensation method for optical see-through head-mounted displays (OST-HMDs) equipped with a singlelayer transmissive spatial light modulator (SLM), in particular, a liquid crystal display (LCD). Occlusion is an important depth cue for 3D perception, yet realizing it on OST-HMDs is particularly difficult due to the displays’ semitransparent nature. A key component for the occlusion support is the SLM—a device that can selectively interfere with light rays passing through it. For example, an LCD is a transmissive SLM that can block or pass incoming light rays by turning pixels black or transparent. A straightforward solution places an LCD in front of an OST-HMD and drives the LCD to block light rays that could pass through rendered virtual objects at the viewpoint. This simple approach is, however, defective due to the depth mismatch between the LCD panel and the virtual objects, leading to blurred occlusion. This led existing OST-HMDs to employ dedicated hardware such as focus optics and multi-stacked SLMs. Contrary to these viable, yet complex and/or computationally expensive solutions, we return to the single-layer LCD approach for the hardware simplicity while maintaining fine occlusion—we compensate for a degraded occlusion area by overlaying a compensation image. We compute the image based on the HMD parameters and the background scene captured by a scene camera. The evaluation demonstrates that the proposed method reduced the occlusion leak error by 61.4% and the occlusion error by 85.7%.

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