Top Programming Languages You Should Consider Learning

Shannon Flynn
Published 10/14/2022
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Top programming languages in 2023Are you close to earning your computer science degree, but still trying to determine which programming languages you should learn? Learning a language or a couple of the languages leading companies use in their operations could land you an entry-level position or transition to a new organization.

With so many options to choose from, it can be challenging to know which programming languages will be in high demand in the future and beyond. It’s crucial to pick a programming language that applies to the work you do or want to do. Learning new programming languages improves your marketability to a potential employer and brings the quality of your work to the next level.

What are some top programming languages in 2022?


1. JavaScript

JavaScript is widely used for web development, app development, building web servers, and gaming applications. According to Stack Overflow’s 2020 Developer Survey, it’s the most commonly used programming language in the world. Out of 47,184 respondents, 67.9% surveyed mentioned that they used JavaScript.

The main purpose of JavaScript is to control the behavior of webpages, which is why so many websites will rely on it. Developers can create dynamic site elements like clickable buttons, interactive maps, animated graphics, and more. Anyone with a background in computer science should be well-versed in JavaScript, considering so many companies use it.

  • Job roles that typically require JavaScript: Full Stack Developer, Mobile App Developer, Software Engineer, Front and Backend Web Developer



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2. Python

Python is a general-purpose programming language used frequently in the data science industry. It’s also used in backend and app development. It’s a fairly easy language to learn, making it an ideal choice for beginners or entry-level programmers.

The free, open-source programming language comes with extensive support and community development and is commonly used for machine learning (ML) and deep learning applications. Many well-known organizations, like Netflix, Intel, and Spotify, use Python for their work.

  • Job roles that typically require Python: DevOps Engineer, Senior or Mid-Level Data Scientist, Machine Learning Engineer, Product Manager, Python Developer


3. R

R is a programming language commonly used for statistical analysis, reporting, and graphics. It’s similar to the S language developed by Bell Laboratories, formerly AT&T and now Lucent Technologies.

Many data scientists use R, a highly requested language in the data science job market. The R community is growing rapidly and is considered a cutting-edge language to learn. R is widely used across Windows, Linux, and macOS for object-oriented and procedural programming.

  • Job roles that typically require R: Business Analyst, Data Visualization Expert, R Programmer, Data Architect, Geo-Statistician


4. Go

Go is a reliable, efficient, and rapidly growing programming language created by Google in 2007. Go works on Linux, Windows, macOS, and other OS. Here are some of its best features:

  • Simple and easy to learn
  • Facilitates AI and data science processes
  • Support automation

Major companies use Go for programming purposes, including American Express, Twitch, Salesforce, Uber, Paypal, and Dropbox.

  • Job roles that typically require Go: Golang Developer, Engineer or Programmer, Associate or Senior Software Engineer, Senior Backend Engineer


5. Java

Java is a powerful language used on millions of devices and is currently a trending technology. Java is often used in web development, desktop applications, mobile applications, cloud applications, and AI. It’s estimated that Javas is used in more than 3 billion devices.

It’s an object-oriented programming language that can improve productivity, performance, and security. Understanding the ins and outs of Java can help professionals land a job in their field of interest. Instagram, Amazon, and Adobe are some companies that leverage Java programming.

  • Job roles that typically require Java: IT Manager, Junior or Senior Programmer, Full Stack Developer, UX Designer, Quality Assurance Analyst


6. Kotlin

Kotlin is interoperable with Java and is another general-purpose programming language. Kotlin is often used by Android developers, as it speeds up the development process.

This language is expected to become even more prevalent in the Android app development ecosystem. This is considered a must-learn language because it addresses some significant issues identified in Java.

  • Job roles that typically require Kotlin: Software, Web and Application Developer, Android Engineers, Kotlin Developer

Whether a graduate student or a professional programmer, there’s always room to improve and increase your programming skills. For example, just because someone knows how to code using a programming language doesn’t mean they’re able to perform code reviews, a highly sought-after skill companies want if they create custom code.

You may want to learn the basics of these six programming languages to put you ahead of your fellow graduates or other skilled job candidates. Having a wide range of programming knowledge may be the key to unlocking significant advancements in your career. Engaging in continuous learning can be a game-changer for you if you want to make it up the corporate ladder.


Become Familiar With Top Programming Languages

Programming may seem complicated to the average person, and it can prove challenging for newcomers. However, these are some top programming languages that can help introduce you to the industry or bolster your resume for your next job role. Consider learning these six languages to expand your skill set and improve your marketability.