Model of a Profession

Learn more about Enterprise IT Committee of the Professional & Educational Activities Board (PEAB-EIT)'s work on defining a model for the IT profession.
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Model of a Profession

The required elements of an IT Profession include:

Professional Societies

Code of Ethics

  • Common code of ethics to all IT subdisciplines.
  • A code of ethics which specifies appropriate professional conduct to engage in the profession.


  • Specification, development, testing, operation, support and maintenance of information technologies as well as the application and management of such technologies.

Standards of Practice

  • Application of current best practice.
  • Means to track evolving technologies, methods.
  • Standards that specify techniques, methods, procedures and performance norms, agreed to by the profession, which supports the best in professional practice.

Competency Definitions (Competence Model)

  • Comprehensive competence framework in place.
  • Ongoing maintenance regime for the competence framework.

Body of Knowledge

  • Clearly defined core body of knowledge.
  • Specialized bodies of knowledge beyond “core”.
  • Supporting knowledge areas such as IT Governance, etc.
  • A description of the knowledge, methods, and practices that define the content of the profession.
  • Consensual validation of the knowledge.
  • A rational and scientific foundation for the knowledge.


  • Defined by recognized, authoritative bodies.
  • Curriculum models that support the establishment and improvement of educational programs.

Accreditation Criteria

  • Aligned to certification regimes.
  • An accreditation system that assures the quality and suitability of the preparatory education.

Preparatory Education

  • Readily available programs that comply with curriculum and accreditation criteria.
  • The education and training necessary to be employed in an entry level position in the profession.


  • The ability to influence things; to take what you know and apply it so as to cause a real effect to occur.
  • A certain amount of knowledge is a prerequisite of skill; you can’t be skillful without first being knowledgeable; however, you can easily be knowledgeable without being very skillful.

Professional Development

  • Multiple means to maintain and advance skills and knowledge.
  • Education, training and experience necessary to keep current and advance in the profession.


  • Standard and recognized certification regime.
  • Consistent with body of knowledge.
  • Mechanisms for certification (to prove competence) that do not require compliance with education requirements.
  • Defined means of re-certification/CPD & de-certification.
  • Includes professionalism and ethical aspects.
  • Includes demonstration of competency through practice (apprenticeship / experience).
  • Mechanisms to support specialist competence areas.
  • Validation, by a community of peers, that an individual possesses the knowledge and competence of a professional.


  • Implemented by other authoritative bodies.
  • Supported by clear body of knowledge, certification standards, competency standards, code of ethics and a clear boundary of a licensed discipline.
  • Validation, by a community of peers, that an individual possesses the knowledge and competence of a professional.

Job Roles

  • A type of position in an organization characterized by the responsibilities for performance of activities assigned to the position.
  • Level of responsibility varies between job roles.
  • Job roles should be clearly defined in terms of responsibilities and the competencies required.

Career Paths

  • The series of positions a person holds in their life is their career.
  • A career path is a pre-defined series of job roles where experience in previous job roles is relevant to subsequent job roles.