Healthcare Cloud Computing: Meaning, Advantages, and Implementation Pitfalls

Yuliya Melnik
Published 08/16/2023
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Cloud computing for healthcareCloud computing in healthcare can make processes more efficient by decreasing paperwork, protecting patient information, and making it easier for providers to share data. However, there are also risks, such as the possibility of data breaches and the need for careful implementation to ensure positive results.

This article will discuss the advantages and potential challenges of using cloud computing in healthcare, which should be taken into account before implementing this technology in a healthcare setting.

The Practice of Using Cloud Computing in Healthcare

Cloud computing in the business environment (e.g., healthcare one) has gained popularity due to its affordability and versatility. It has the potential to impact the process of collecting, storing, analyzing, and sharing patient data. With a shared network, healthcare professionals can access critical information from any location. Cloud-based services have the ability to efficiently and accurately handle extensive amounts of data, resulting in improved decision-making precision.

To use cloud computing services, healthcare professionals need to carefully evaluate their options. Look for service providers that offer encryption for data storage and transmission, as well as extra security measures. It’s important to have the necessary resources to manage user access rights and respond quickly to potential security breaches. Organizations should have established procedures in place to protect sensitive data.

Cloud-based software applications, such as Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems, can provide benefits for organizations by securely storing patient data and facilitating efficient data sharing among physicians and administrators. EHRs offer tools for tracking patient visits, medications, lab results, diagnoses, treatments, and follow-up care plans, all in a secure online platform.



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Cloud-based analytics tools provide benefits for healthcare organizations by delivering insights into operational performance and enabling informed decision making across all levels of the organization. These tools provide prompt assessments on various operational factors, such as staff productivity and utilization rates.

Typology of Cloud Computing in Healthcare

The cloud computing in healthcare is a significant shift, enabling providers to provide access to a broader range of medical data and services. This solution provides advantages in terms of efficiency, scalability, and cost-effectiveness. Distribution and deployment models are two common ways of categorizing cloud computing usage in healthcare.

Distribution Model

The IT industry is witnessing a surge in popularity for the distribution model of SaaS, IaaS, and PaaS, thanks to the diverse levels of customization and flexibility that each service offers to customers.

Software as a Service, also known as SaaS, is an IT infrastructure that enables the installation of applications and operating systems, similar to renting software. It offers ongoing updates and maintenance support, while also allowing users to access the software solution through a browser, eliminating the need for traditional application setups that rely on in-house hardware. This accessibility improves convenience and efficiency for businesses.

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) provides customers with an operating system and IT infrastructure, allowing them to develop apps with no advanced technical skills. The ready-to-use infrastructure components speed up the application development process, support scalability, and lead to cost savings. By utilizing IaaS, businesses can concentrate on core development tasks and avoid the challenges of managing complex infrastructure setups.

PaaS offers customers a range of optional features. It includes an app-building platform, operating systems, IT infrastructure, and customizable elements. This approach simplifies development, saving time and effort. PaaS provides businesses with a toolbox of resources, allowing them to focus on application logic and functionality while the service provider manages the infrastructure.

Types of cloud structure to deploySaaS, IaaS, and PaaS are changing the IT industry, giving businesses options to improve their operations. SaaS offers easy software access and maintenance, IaaS provides ready-to-use infrastructure for developers, and PaaS offers a customizable platform. These models can help organizations succeed in the digital world.

Deployment Model

Deployment models for healthcare cloud computing fall into four categories: public, private, hybrid, and community clouds.

Advantages of Cloud Computing in Healthcare

Cloud computing is a better option for healthcare data storage than traditional methods because it is scalable, cost-effective, secure, and accessible.

Using cloud technology in healthcare saves money by eliminating the need for expensive servers, hardware, and IT staff. It allows healthcare providers to allocate resources more efficiently towards patient care and innovation.

Cloud computing in healthcare offers scalability, allowing organizations to easily expand storage and processing capabilities as healthcare data grows. This ensures that critical patient information remains accessible and maintains optimal performance and efficiency.

Cloud-based services provide strong security for patient data. Storing data offsite in secure data centers helps healthcare organizations reduce risks. Experienced technicians closely monitor these data centers and quickly address any potential threats. Cloud providers also use strict security measures like encryption, access controls, and regular data backups to protect patient information.

Cloud computing improves healthcare accessibility by allowing secure access to patient records from anywhere with internet. This reduces paperwork, promotes collaboration, and improves patient care.

Using BI, healthcare organizations can optimize data management, allocate resources effectively, and enhance patient care by embracing cloud-based solutions.

Barriers to Cloud Implementation in Healthcare

The implementation of cloud technologies in medical institutions flows or while building healthcare software (e.g., proceeding telemedicine app development) requires preparation to avoid potential challenges and ensure a smooth integration process.

  • Security challenges
  • Compliance matter
  • Possible downtimes

How to Implement Cloud Computing in Healthcare Avoiding Risks

Integrating cloud technologies in healthcare poses challenges in complexity and time, but offers significant advantages. Successful implementation requires careful planning and proactive risk mitigation.

Here’s the best algorithm to successfully integrate cloud computing in healthcare business domain.

Evaluate the organization’s specific needs. Choose a cloud provider based on these requirements. Consider the necessary features and the suitability of public, private, or hybrid cloud platforms. Ensure scalability to meet current and future demands. Craft a tailored cloud solution by understanding the organization’s unique needs.

Choose an outsourcing healthcare software development provider that will help you with an implementation. Compare options based on reputation, services, price, and support. Evaluate providers carefully to make an informed decision.

Review security protocols of potential providers to ensure compliance with industry standards like HIPAA or NIST regulations. Understand the provider’s security practices and data protection to maintain confidentiality and integrity of healthcare information.

Cloud integration requires investing in robust backup solutions. It is important to have backup measures in case of emergencies or outages, even with a reliable cloud provider. The specific requirements and risk tolerance of the healthcare organization should determine appropriate data storage measures. This may include redundant systems and local backups. A comprehensive backup strategy minimizes the risk of data loss or disruption and ensures data protection.

Regular monitoring is important after implementation. Changes in traffic or usage can cause performance issues. If not addressed, these issues can become more serious. Proactive monitoring identifies and resolves performance bottlenecks for optimal system performance. Continuous evaluation ensures the cloud infrastructure meets the healthcare organization’s evolving needs.


Healthcare cloud computing is a new technology that can change how medical data is managed and patient care is provided. It offers many benefits like improved security, lower costs, flexibility, scalability, and faster data retrieval. Healthcare organizations are adopting this technology rapidly, but they need to be careful about following regulations and managing vendor relationships. Good planning and strategy can help organizations maximize the benefits of cloud computing and minimize risks.

In order to do everything properly, you can apply to an experienced outsourcing healthcare software development tech partner. The IT specialists will give an appropriate response to the tech questions that disturb you, and help you build a robust and cloud-based medical software which will be profitable and secure.

About the Author

Yuliya Melnik is a technical writer at Cleveroad. It is a web and mobile app development company in Ukraine. She is passionate about innovative technologies that make the world a better place and loves creating content that evokes vivid emotions.


Disclaimer: The author is completely responsible for the content of this article. The opinions expressed are their own and do not represent IEEE’s position nor that of the Computer Society nor its Leadership.