Gordon E. Moore & Robert N. Noyce
1978 Harry Goode Memorial Joint Award Recipients
“In recognition of their original contributions to semiconductor integrated circuit technology, their pioneering achievements in using this technology for the development and production of microprocessors and many other computer system components, and their distinguished leadership of and insight in computer science and technology, which have revolutionized the information processing field”
Gordon E. Moore was born in San Francisco, California on January 3, 1929. He received the B.S. degree in Chemistry from the University of California at Berkeley in 1950 and the Ph.D. in Chemistry and Physics from the California Institute of Technology in 1954.
Gordon E. Moore co-founded Intel Corporation in July of 1968, serving as Executive Vice President until 1975 when he became President and Chief Executive Officer. In April 1979, Dr. Moore became Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, holding that position until April 1987, when he became Chairman of the Board. He currently serves as Chairman Emeritus.
Dr. Moore joined the technical staff of the Applied Physics Laboratory at Johns Hopkins University in 1953, where he did basic research in chemical physics. Shortly after its founding in 1956, he joined Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory in Palo Alto, California. There he worked with William Shockley, co-inventor of the transistor, in developing the state of the art in semiconductor processes applicable to transistors and integrated circuits.
Gordon E. Moore co-founded Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation in Mountain View, California in 1957, serving as Manager of the Engineering Department until 1959, when he became the Director of Research and Development. During this period, Fairchild perfected silicon planar epitaxial passivated transistor production, which became the salient process in silicon integrated circuit manufacturing.
In July 1968, he co-founded Intel Corporation with the intention of developing and producing large scale integrated products, beginning with semiconductor memories. Shortly thereafter, Intel produced the world's first microprocessor.
In the mid-1970s, Dr. Moore initially observed that the number of electrical elements per integrated circuit chip would double annually; subsequently this period was changed to 24 months. The discovery and enunciation of this observation, which became known as "Moore's Law;" enabled business and academic communities to estimate the future progress of integrated circuits.
Among many other awards, Gordon E. Moore has received the Distinguished Alumnus Award from Caltech, the W. W. McDowell Award from the IEEE Computer Society, the Frederik Philips Award from the IEEE, the AFIPS Harry Goode Award for Leadership in Science, the Computer Pioneer Medal of the IEEE, the ASM Medal for the Advancement of Research from the American Society for Metals, and the Founders Award from the National Academy of Engineering. President George Bush awarded him the 1990 National Medal of Technology. In February 1993, he was awarded the John Fritz Medal.
Dr. Moore is a director of Transamerica Corporation, Gilead Sciences and Varian Associates, Inc. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a Fellow of the IEEE and Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the California Institute of Technology.
Dr. Moore was awarded the 1997 IEEE Founders Medal 'For world leadership in very large scale integration, and for pioneering contributions in integrated circuit technology.
Robert Norton Noyce (December 12, 1927 – June 3, 1990), nicknamed "the Mayor of Silicon Valley", co-founded Fairchild Semiconductor in 1957 and Intel in 1968. He is also credited (along with Jack Kilby) with the invention of the integrated circuit or microchip. While Kilby's invention was six months earlier, neither man rejected the title of co-inventor.
He graduated Phi Beta Kappa with a BA in physics and mathematics from Grinnell College in 1949 and a Ph.D. in physics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1953. He studied the first transistors, developed at Bell Laboratories, in a Grinnell College classroom.
After graduating from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1953, he took his first job as a research engineer at the Philco Corporation in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He left in 1956 for the Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory in Mountain View, California.
Noyce and Gordon E. Moore (a chemist and physicist) founded Intel in 1968 when they left Fairchild Semiconductor. The relaxed culture that Noyce brought to Intel was a carryover from his style at Fairchild Semiconductor. He treated employees as family rewarding and encouraging team work. His follow-your-bliss management style set the tone for many Valley success stories.
Intel's headquarters building, the Robert Noyce Building, in Santa Clara, California is named in his honor, as is the Robert N. Noyce '49 Science Center, which houses the science division of Grinnell College.
In his last interview, Noyce was asked what he would do if he were “emperor” of the United States. He said that he would, among other things, “make sure we are preparing our next generation to flourish in a high-tech age. And that means education of the lowest and the poorest, as well as at the graduate school level.”
In July, 1959, he filed for U.S. Patent 2,981,877 "Semiconductor Device and Lead Structure", a type of integrated circuit. This independent effort was recorded only a few months after the key findings of inventor Jack Kilby. For his co-invention of the integrated circuit and its world-transforming impact, three presidents of the United States honored him.
He would eventually accumulate sixteen patents to his name.
Noyce was awarded the IEEE Medal of Honor in 1978 "for his contributions to the silicon integrated circuit, a cornerstone of modern electronics." In 1979, he was awarded the National Medal of Science. In 1990, the National Academy of Engineering awarded him its Draper Prize.
Mr. Noyce was inducted into the Junior Achievement U.S. Business Hall of Fame in 1989.