IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems

IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems (TPDS) is a scholarly archival journal published monthly. Parallelism and distributed computing are foundational research and technology to rapidly advance computer systems and their applications. Read the full scope of TPDS.


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From the October 2018 Issue

Optimizations of Unstructured Aerodynamics Computations for Many-core Architectures

By Mohammed A. Al Farhan and David E. Keyes

Free Featured Article We investigate several state-of-the-practice shared-memory optimization techniques applied to key routines of an unstructured computational aerodynamics application with irregular memory accesses. We illustrate for the Intel Knights Landing processor, as a representative of the processors in contemporary leading supercomputers, identifying and addressing performance challenges without compromising the floating point numerics of the original code. We employ low and high-level architecture-specific code optimizations involving thread and data-level parallelism. Our approach is based upon a multi-level hierarchical distribution of work and data across both the threads and the SIMD units within every hardware core. On a 64-core Knights Landing chip, we achieve nearly 2.9x speedup of the dominant routines relative to the baseline. These exhibit almost linear strong scalability up to 64 threads, and thereafter some improvement with hyperthreading. At substantially fewer Watts, we achieve up to 1.7x speedup relative to the performance of 72 threads of a 36-core Haswell CPU and roughly equivalent performance to 112 threads of a 56-core Skylake scalable processor. These optimizations are expected to be of value for many other unstructured mesh PDE-based scientific applications as multi and many-core architecture evolves.

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Editorials and Announcements

Announcements

  • We are pleased to announce that Manish Parashar, a Distinguished Professor of Computer Science at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey University, has been selected as the new Editor-in-Chief of the IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems starting in 2018.
  • We are pleased to announce that Xian-He Sun, a Distinguished Professor of Computer Science at The Illinois Institute of Technology, has been selected as the new Associate Editor-in-Chief of the IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems starting in 2018.
  • TPDS now offers authors access to Code Ocean. Code Ocean is a cloud-based executable research platform that allows authors to share their algorithms in an effort to make the world’s scientific code more open and reproducible. Learn more or sign up for free.
  • According to Clarivate Analytics' 2016 Journal Citation Report, TPDS has an impact factor of 4.181.

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