IEEE Transactions on Computers

IEEE Transactions on Computers (TC) is a monthly publication that publishes research in such areas as computer organizations and architectures, digital devices, operating systems, and new and important applications and trends.

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From the December 2017 issue

High Performance Parallel Decimal Multipliers Using Hybrid BCD Codes

By Xiaoping Cui, Wenwen Dong, Weiqiang Liu, Earl E. Swartzlander, and Fabrizio Lombardi

Featured article thumbnail image A parallel decimal multiplier with improved performance is proposed in this paper by exploiting the properties of three different binary coded decimal (BCD) codes, namely the redundant BCD excess-3 code (XS-3), the overloaded decimal digit set (ODDS) code and the BCD-4221/5211 code. The signed-digit radix-10 recoding is used to recode the BCD multiplier to the digit set [-5, 5] from [0, 9]. The redundant BCD XS-3 code is adopted to generate the multiplicand multiples in a carry-free manner. The XS-3 coded partial products (PPs) are converted to ODDS PPs to fit binary partial product reduction (PPR). In this paper, a regular decimal PPR tree using ODDS and BCD-4221/5211 codes is proposed; it consists of a binary PPR tree block, a non-fixed size BCD-4221 counter block and a BCD-4221/5211 PPR tree block. The decimal carry-save algorithm based on BCD-4221/5211 is used in the PPR tree to obtain high performance multipliers. Moreover, an improved PPG circuit and an improved parallel prefix/carry-select decimal adder are proposed to further improve the performance of the proposed multipliers. Analysis and comparison using the 45 nm technology show that the proposed decimal multipliers are faster and require less hardware area than previous designs found in the technical literature.

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