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<p>In distributed DBMSs, one major issue in developing a horizontal fragmentation technique is what criteria to use to guide the fragmentation. The authors propose to use, in addition to typical user queries, particular knowledge about the data itself. Use of this knowledge allows revision of typical user queries into more precise forms. The revised query expressions produce better estimations of user reference clusters to the database than the original query expressions. The estimated user reference clusters form a basis to partition relations horizontally. In the proposed approach, an ordinary many-sorted language is extended to represent the queries and knowledge compatibly. This knowledge is identified in terms of five axiom schemata. An inference procedure is developed to apply the knowledge to the queries deductively.</p>
knowledge-based approach; distributed DBMSs; horizontal fragmentation technique; typical user queries; revised query expressions; estimated user reference clusters; many-sorted language; inference procedure; distributed databases; inference mechanisms; information retrieval systems; knowledge based systems; knowledge representation

D. Shin and K. Irani, "Fragmenting Relations Horizontally Using a Knowledge-Based Approach," in IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, vol. 17, no. , pp. 872-883, 1991.
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