Software Function, Source Lines of Code, and Development Effort Prediction: A Software Science Validation
Issue No. 06 - November (1983 vol. 9)
A.J. Albrecht , IBM Corporate Information Systems and Administration
One of the most important problems faced by software developers and users is the prediction of the size of a programming system and its development effort. As an alternative to "size," one might deal with a measure of the "function" that the software is to perform. Albrecht  has developed a methodology to estimate the amount of the "function" the software is to perform, in terms of the data it is to use (absorb) and to generate (produce). The "function" is quantified as "function points," essentially, a weighted sum of the numbers of "inputs," "outputs,"master files," and "inquiries" provided to, or generated by, the software. This paper demonstrates the equivalence between Albrecht's external input/output data flow representative of a program (the "function points" metric) and Halstead's  "software science" or "software linguistics" model of a program as well as the "soft content" variation of Halstead's model suggested by Gaffney .
software linguistics, Cost estimating, function points
J.E. Gaffney, A.J. Albrecht, "Software Function, Source Lines of Code, and Development Effort Prediction: A Software Science Validation", IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, vol. 9, no. , pp. 639-648, November 1983, doi:10.1109/TSE.1983.235271