DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/TDSC.2013.47
Shu Yin , Hunan University, Changsha
Xiaojun Ruan , West Chester University of Pennsylvania, West Chester
Adam Manzanares , California State University - Chico, Chico
Xiao Qin , Auburn University, Auburn
Kenli Li , Hunan University, Changsha
I/O load skewing techniques like PDC and MAID inherently affect reliability of parallel disks, because disks storing popular data tend to have high failure rates than disks storing cold data. To study reliability impacts of energysaving techniques on parallel disk systems, we develop a mathematical modeling framework called MINT. We first model the behaviors of parallel disks coupled with power management optimization policies. We make use of data access patterns as input parameters to estimate each disk's utilization and power-state transitions. Then, we derive each disk's reliability in terms of annual failure rate from the disk's utilization, age, operating temperature, and power-state transition frequency. Next, we calculate the reliability of PDC and MAID parallel disk systems in accordance with the annual failure rate of each disk in the systems. Finally, we use real-world trace to validate out MINT model. Validation result shows that the behaviors of PDC and MAID which are modeled by MINT have a similar trend as that in the real-world.
reliability, parallel disks, energy conservation
S. Yin, X. Ruan, A. Manzanares, X. Qin and K. Li, "MINT: A Reliability Modeling Framework for Energy-Efficient Parallel Disk Systems," in IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing.