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Issue No. 10 - Oct. (2018 vol. 40)
ISSN: 0162-8828
pp: 2513-2521
Weihong Deng , Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing, China
Jiani Hu , Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing, China
Jun Guo , Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing, China
ABSTRACT
Collaborative representation methods, such as sparse subspace clustering (SSC) and sparse representation-based classification (SRC), have achieved great success in face clustering and classification by directly utilizing the training images as the dictionary bases. In this paper, we reveal that the superior performance of collaborative representation relies heavily on the sufficiently large class separability of the controlled face datasets such as Extended Yale B. On the uncontrolled or undersampled dataset, however, collaborative representation suffers from the misleading coefficients of the incorrect classes. To address this limitation, inspired by the success of linear discriminant analysis (LDA), we develop a superposed linear representation classifier (SLRC) to cast the recognition problem by representing the test image in term of a superposition of the class centroids and the shared intra-class differences. In spite of its simplicity and approximation, the SLRC largely improves the generalization ability of collaborative representation, and competes well with more sophisticated dictionary learning techniques, on the experiments of AR and FRGC databases. Enforced with the sparsity constraint, SLRC achieves the state-of-the-art performance on FERET database using single sample per person.
INDEX TERMS
Collaboration, Encoding, Training, Face, Dictionaries, Face recognition, Databases
CITATION

W. Deng, J. Hu and J. Guo, "Face Recognition via Collaborative Representation: Its Discriminant Nature and Superposed Representation," in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 40, no. 10, pp. 2513-2521, 2018.
doi:10.1109/TPAMI.2017.2757923
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