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Issue No. 01 - Jan. (2013 vol. 35)
ISSN: 0162-8828
pp: 52-65
Marek Vondrak , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Brown Univ., Providence, RI, USA
L. Sigal , Disney Res., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
O. C. Jenkins , Dept. of Comput. Sci., Brown Univ., Providence, RI, USA
We propose a simulation-based dynamical motion prior for tracking human motion from video in presence of physical ground-person interactions. Most tracking approaches to date have focused on efficient inference algorithms and/or learning of prior kinematic motion models; however, few can explicitly account for the physical plausibility of recovered motion. Here, we aim to recover physically plausible motion of a single articulated human subject. Toward this end, we propose a full-body 3D physical simulation-based prior that explicitly incorporates a model of human dynamics into the Bayesian filtering framework. We consider the motion of the subject to be generated by a feedback “control loop” in which Newtonian physics approximates the rigid-body motion dynamics of the human and the environment through the application and integration of interaction forces, motor forces, and gravity. Interaction forces prevent physically impossible hypotheses, enable more appropriate reactions to the environment (e.g., ground contacts), and are produced from detected human-environment collisions. Motor forces actuate the body, ensure that proposed pose transitions are physically feasible, and are generated using a motion controller. For efficient inference in the resulting high-dimensional state space, we utilize an exemplar-based control strategy that reduces the effective search space of motor forces. As a result, we are able to recover physically plausible motion of human subjects from monocular and multiview video. We show, both quantitatively and qualitatively, that our approach performs favorably with respect to Bayesian filtering methods with standard motion priors.
Kinematics, Tracking, Humans, Dynamics, Joints, Biological system modeling, Trajectory

M. Vondrak, L. Sigal and O. C. Jenkins, "Dynamical Simulation Priors for Human Motion Tracking," in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 52-65, 2013.
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