Issue No. 05 - May (2012 vol. 34)
Neus Sabater , ENS, CNRS-CMLA, Cachan
Andrés Almansa , Telecom ParisTech, Paris
Jean-Michel Morel , ENS, CNRS-CMLA, Cachan
This paper introduces a statistical method to decide whether two blocks in a pair of images match reliably. The method ensures that the selected block matches are unlikely to have occurred “just by chance.” The new approach is based on the definition of a simple but faithful statistical background model for image blocks learned from the image itself. A theorem guarantees that under this model, not more than a fixed number of wrong matches occurs (on average) for the whole image. This fixed number (the number of false alarms) is the only method parameter. Furthermore, the number of false alarms associated with each match measures its reliability. This a contrario block-matching method, however, cannot rule out false matches due to the presence of periodic objects in the images. But it is successfully complemented by a parameterless self-similarity threshold. Experimental evidence shows that the proposed method also detects occlusions and incoherent motions due to vehicles and pedestrians in nonsimultaneous stereo.
Stereo vision, block matching, number of false alarms (NFA), a contrario detection.
Neus Sabater, Andrés Almansa, Jean-Michel Morel, "Meaningful Matches in Stereovision", IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 34, no. , pp. 930-942, May 2012, doi:10.1109/TPAMI.2011.207