Issue No. 04 - April (2011 vol. 33)
Antonio Criminisi , Microsoft Research Cambridge, Cambridge
Andrew Zisserman , University of Oxford, Oxford
Florian Schroff , University of California, San Diego, San Diego
The objective of this work is to automatically generate a large number of images for a specified object class. A multimodal approach employing both text, metadata, and visual features is used to gather many high-quality images from the Web. Candidate images are obtained by a text-based Web search querying on the object identifier (e.g., the word penguin). The Webpages and the images they contain are downloaded. The task is then to remove irrelevant images and rerank the remainder. First, the images are reranked based on the text surrounding the image and metadata features. A number of methods are compared for this reranking. Second, the top-ranked images are used as (noisy) training data and an SVM visual classifier is learned to improve the ranking further. We investigate the sensitivity of the cross-validation procedure to this noisy training data. The principal novelty of the overall method is in combining text/metadata and visual features in order to achieve a completely automatic ranking of the images. Examples are given for a selection of animals, vehicles, and other classes, totaling 18 classes. The results are assessed by precision/recall curves on ground-truth annotated data and by comparison to previous approaches, including those of Berg and Forsyth [CHECK END OF SENTENCE] and Fergus et al. [CHECK END OF SENTENCE].
Weakly supervised, computer vision, object recognition, image retrieval.
Antonio Criminisi, Andrew Zisserman, Florian Schroff, "Harvesting Image Databases from the Web", IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 33, no. , pp. 754-766, April 2011, doi:10.1109/TPAMI.2010.133