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ABSTRACT
In this paper, a geometry-based image retrieval system is developed for multi-object images. We model both shape and topology of image objects using a structured representation called curvature tree (CT). The hierarchy of the CT reflects the inclusion relationships between the image objects. To facilitate shape-based matching, triangle-area representation (TAR) of each object is stored at the corresponding node in the CT. The similarity between two multi-object images is measured based on the maximum similarity subtree isomorphism (MSSI) between their CTs. For this purpose, we adopt a recursive algorithm to solve the MSSI problem and a very effective dynamic programming algorithm to measure the similarity between the attributed nodes. Our matching scheme agrees with many recent findings in psychology about the human perception of multi-object images. Experiments on a database of 13500 real and synthesized medical images and the MPEG-7 CE-1 database of 1400 shape images have shown the effectiveness of the proposed method.
INDEX TERMS
Shape, Size and shape, Hierarchical
CITATION

G. H. Freeman, N. Alajlan and M. S. Kamel, "Geometry-Based Image Retrieval in Binary Image Databases," in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 30, no. , pp. 1003-1013, 2008.
doi:10.1109/TPAMI.2008.37
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