Issue No. 05 - May (2008 vol. 30)
We develop a general theory of spatially-variant (SV) mathematical morphology for binary images in the Euclidean space. The basic SV morphological operators (i.e., SV erosion, SV dilation, SV opening and SV closing) are defined. We demonstrate the ubiquity of SV morphological operators by providing a SV kernel representation of increasing operators. The latter representation is a generalization of Matheron's representation theorem of increasing and translation-invariant operators. The SV kernel representation is redundant, in the sense that a smaller subset of the SV kernel is sufficient for the representation of increasing operators. We provide sufficient conditions for the existence of the minimal basis representation in terms of upper-semi-continuity in the hit-or-miss topology. The latter minimal basis representation is a generalization of Maragos' minimal basis representation for increasing and translation-invariant operators. Moreover, we investigate the upper-semi-continuity property of the basic SV morphological operators. Several examples are used to demonstrate that the theory of spatially-variant mathematical morphology provides a general framework for the unification of various morphological schemes based on spatiallyvariant geometrical structuring elements (e.g., circular, affine and motion morphology). Simulation results illustrate the theory of the proposed spatially-variant morphological framework and show its potential power in various image processing applications.
Dan Schonfeld, Mohammed Charif-Chefchaouni, Nidhal Bouaynaya, "Theoretical Foundations of Spatially-Variant Mathematical Morphology Part I: Binary Images", IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 30, no. , pp. 823-836, May 2008, doi:10.1109/TPAMI.2007.70754