Issue No. 12 - December (2006 vol. 28)
Detecting salient structures is a basic task in perceptual organization. Saliency algorithms typically mark edge-points with some saliency measure, which grows with the length and smoothness of the curve on which these edge-points lie. Here, we propose a modified saliency estimation mechanism that is based on probabilistically specified grouping cues and on curve length distributions. In this framework, the Shashua and Ullman saliency mechanism may be interpreted as a process for detecting the curve with maximal expected length. Generalized types of saliency naturally follow. We propose several specific generalizations (e.g., gray-level-based saliency) and rigorously derive the limitations on generalized saliency types. We then carry out a probabilistic analysis of expected length saliencies. Using ergodicity and asymptotic analysis, we derive the saliency distributions associated with the main curves and with the rest of the image. We then extend this analysis to finite-length curves. Using the derived distributions, we derive the optimal threshold on the saliency for discriminating between figure and background and bound the saliency-based figure-from-ground performance.
Saliency networks, grouping, perceptual organization, figure-from-ground.
Alexander Berengolts, Michael Lindenbaum, "On the Distribution of Saliency", IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 28, no. , pp. 1973-1990, December 2006, doi:10.1109/TPAMI.2006.249