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<p><b>Abstract</b>—This paper describes a handwritten character string recognition system for Japanese mail address reading on very large vocabulary. The address phrases are recognized as a whole because there is no extra space between words. The lexicon contains 111,349 address phrases, which are stored in a trie structure. In recognition, the text line image is matched with the lexicon entries (phrases) to obtain reliable segmentation and retrieve valid address phrases. In this paper, we first introduce some effective techniques for text line image preprocessing and presegmentation. In presegmentation, the text line image is separated into primitive segments by connected component analysis and touching pattern splitting based on contour shape analysis. In lexicon matching, consecutive segments are dynamically combined into candidate character patterns. An accurate character classifier is embedded in lexicon matching to select characters matched with a candidate pattern from a dynamic category set. A beam search strategy is used to control the lexicon matching so as to achieve real-time recognition. In experiments on 3,589 live mail images, the proposed method achieved correct rate of 83.68 percent while the error rate is less than 1 percent.</p>
Mail address reading, handwritten character string recognition, touching character splitting, character classification, lexicon matching, beam search.

H. Fujisawa, C. Liu and M. Koga, "Lexicon-Driven Segmentation and Recognition of Handwritten Character Strings for Japanese Address Reading," in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 24, no. , pp. 1425-1437, 2002.
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