Issue No. 05 - May (2002 vol. 24)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/34.1000242
<p>Human face detection plays an important role in applications such as video surveillance, human computer interface, face recognition, and face image database management. We propose a face detection algorithm for color images in the presence of varying lighting conditions as well as complex backgrounds. Based on a novel lighting compensation technique and a nonlinear color transformation, our method detects skin regions over the entire image and then generates face candidates based on the spatial arrangement of these skin patches. The algorithm constructs eye, mouth, and boundary maps for verifying each face candidate. Experimental results demonstrate successful face detection over a wide range of facial variations in color, position, scale, orientation, 3D pose, and expression in images from several photo collections (both indoors and outdoors).</p>
Face detection, face recognition, lighting compensation, color transformation, skin tone, facial feature map, Hough transform
R. Hsu, M. Abdel-Mottaleb and A. Jain, "Face Detection in Color Images," in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 24, no. , pp. 696-706, 2002.