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<p><b>Abstract</b>—For over 30 years researchers in computer vision have been proposing new methods for performing low-level vision tasks such as detecting edges and corners. One key element shared by most methods is that they represent local image neighborhoods as constant in color or intensity with deviations modeled as noise. Due to computational considerations that encourage the use of small neighborhoods where this assumption holds, these methods remain popular. This research models a neighborhood as a distribution of colors. Our goal is to show that the increase in accuracy of this representation translates into higher-quality results for low-level vision tasks on difficult, natural images, especially as neighborhood size increases. We emphasize large neighborhoods because small ones often do not contain enough information. We emphasize color because it subsumes gray scale as an image range and because it is the dominant form of human perception. We discuss distributions in the context of detecting edges, corners, and junctions, and we show results for each.</p>
Edge detection, junction detection, corner detection, earth mover's distance, color distributions, perceptual color distance.

C. Tomasi and M. A. Ruzon, "Edge, Junction, and Corner Detection Using Color Distributions," in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 23, no. , pp. 1281-1295, 2001.
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