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<p><b>Abstract</b>—This paper investigates whether surface topography information extracted from intensity images using a recently reported shape-from-shading (SFS) algorithm can be used for the purposes of 3D object recognition. We consider how curvature and shape-index information delivered by this algorithm can be used to recognize objects based on their surface topography. We explore two contrasting object recognition strategies. The first of these is based on a low-level attribute summary and uses histograms of curvature and orientation measurements. The second approach is based on the structural arrangement of constant shape-index maximal patches and their associated region attributes. We show that region curvedness and a string ordering of the regions according to size provides recognition accuracy of about 96 percent. By polling various recognition schemes, including a graph matching method, we show that a recognition rate of 98-99 percent is achievable.</p>
Shape-from-shading, object recognition, shape-index, histograms, constant shape-index maximal patches, graph-matching.

E. R. Hancock and P. L. Worthington, "Object Recognition Using Shape-from-Shading," in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 23, no. , pp. 535-542, 2001.
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