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<p><b>Abstract</b>—This paper presents an autonomous agent-based image segmentation approach. In this approach, a digital image is viewed as a two-dimensional cellular environment in which the agents inhabit and attempt to label homogeneous segments. In so doing, the agents rely on some reactive behaviors such as breeding and diffusion. The agents that are successful in finding the pixels of a specific homogeneous segment will breed offspring agents inside their neighboring regions. Hence, the offspring agents will become likely to find more homogeneous-segment pixels. In the mean time, the unsuccessful agents will be inactivated, without further search in the environment.</p>
Distributed autonomous agents, reactive behavior, evolutionary computation, breeding, diffusion, homogeneous-segment searching, adaptive image segmentation, and agent dynamics.

Y. Y. Tang and J. Liu, "Adaptive Image Segmentation With Distributed Behavior-Based Agents," in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 21, no. , pp. 544-551, 1999.
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