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<p><b>Abstract</b>—This paper proposes a technique for spatiotemporal segmentation to identify the objects present in the scene represented in a video sequence. This technique processes two consecutive frames at a time. A region-merging approach is used to identify the objects in the scene. Starting from an oversegmentation of the current frame, the objects are formed by iteratively merging regions together. Regions are merged based on their mutual spatiotemporal similarity. The spatiotemporal similarity measure takes both temporal and spatial information into account, the emphasis being on the former. We propose a Modified Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for estimating the temporal similarity. This test efficiently uses temporal information in both the residual distribution and the motion parametric representation. The region-merging process is based on a weighted, directed graph. Two complementary graph-based clustering rules are proposed, namely, the strong rule and the weak rule. These rules take advantage of the natural structures present in the graph. Also, the rules take into account the possible errors and uncertainties reported in the graph. The weak rule is applied after the strong rule. Each rule is applied iteratively, and the graph is updated after each iteration. Experimental results on different types of scenes demonstrate the ability of the proposed technique to automatically partition the scene into its constituent objects.</p>
Automatic spatiotemporal segmentation, object segmentation, region merging, modified Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, weighted directed graph.

S. Bhattacharjee, M. Kunt and F. Moscheni, "Spatiotemporal Segmentation Based on Region Merging," in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 20, no. , pp. 897-915, 1998.
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