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<p><b>Abstract</b>—A conventional active contour formulation suffers difficulty in appropriate choice of an initial contour and values of parameters. Recent approaches have aimed to resolve these problems but can compromise other performance aspects. To relieve the problem in initialization, we use a dual active contour, which is combined with a local shape model to improve the parameterization. One contour expands from inside the target feature, the other contracts from the outside. The two contours are interlinked to provide a balanced technique with an ability to reject "weak" local energy minima.</p>
Snakes, active contours, regularization, feature extraction, local shape.

S. R. Gunn and M. S. Nixon, "A Robust Snake Implementation; A Dual Active Contour," in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 19, no. , pp. 63-68, 1997.
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