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<p><b>Abstract</b>—Motion smear is an important visual cue for motion perception by the human vision system (HVS). However, in image analysis research, exploiting motion smear has been largely ignored. Rather, motion smear is usually considered as a degradation of images that needs to be removed. In this paper, we establish a computational model that estimates image motion from motion smear information—"motion from smear." In many real situations, the shutter of the sensing camera must be kept open long enough to produce images of adequate signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), resulting in significant motion smear in images. We present a new motion blur model and an algorithm that enables unique estimation of image motion. A prototype sensor system that exploits the new motion blur model has been built to acquire data for "motion-from-smear." Experimental results on images with both simulated smear and real smear, using our "motion-from-smear" algorithm as well as a conventional motion estimation technique, are provided. We also show that temporal aliasing does not affect "motion-from-smear" to the same degree as it does algorithms that use displacement as a cue. "Motion-from-smear" provides an additional tool for motion estimation and effectively complements the existing techniques when apparent motion smear is present.</p>
Motion estimation, motion smear (blur), motion-from-smear.

N. Nandhakumar, W. Chen and W. N. Martin, "Image Motion Estimation From Motion Smear-A New Computational Model," in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 18, no. , pp. 412-425, 1996.
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