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<p><it>Abstract</it>—We present an unsupervised segmentation algorithm which uses Markov random field models for color textures. These models characterize a texture in terms of spatial interaction within each color plane and interaction between different color planes. The models are used by a segmentation algorithm based on agglomerative hierarchical clustering. At the heart of agglomerative clustering is a stepwise optimal merging process that at each iteration maximizes a global performance functional based on the conditional pseudolikelihood of the image. A test for stopping the clustering is applied based on rapid changes in the pseudolikelihood. We provide experimental results that illustrate the advantages of using color texture models and that demonstrate the performance of the segmentation algorithm on color images of natural scenes. Most of the processing during segmentation is local making the algorithm amenable to high performance parallel implementation.</p>
Segmentation, color, texture, Markov random fields, machine vision, computer vision, color vision.

D. K. Panjwani and G. Healey, "Markov Random Field Models for Unsupervised Segmentation of Textured Color Images," in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 17, no. , pp. 939-954, 1995.
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