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<p><it>Abstract</it>—In this paper, we develop the theory of probabilistic relaxation for matching features extracted from 2D images, derive as limiting cases the various heuristic formulae used by researchers in matching problems, and state the conditions under which they apply. We successfully apply our theory to the problem of matching and recognizing aerial road network images based on road network models and to the problem of edge matching in a stereo pair. For this purpose, each line network is represented by an attributed relational graph where each node is a straight line segment characterized by certain attributes and related with every other node via a set of binary relations.</p>
Matching, probabilistic relaxation, object recognition.

W. J. Christmas, M. Petrou and J. Kittler, "Structural Matching in Computer Vision Using Probabilistic Relaxation," in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 17, no. , pp. 749-764, 1995.
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