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<p>The use of natural symmetries (mirror images) in a well-defined family of patterns (human faces) is discussed within the framework of the Karhunen-Loeve expansion. This results in an extension of the data and imposes even and odd symmetry on the eigenfunctions of the covariance matrix, without increasing the complexity of the calculation. The resulting approximation of faces projected from outside of the data set onto this optimal basis is improved on average.</p>
pattern recognition; Karhunen-Loeve procedure; human faces; natural symmetries; mirror images; Karhunen-Loeve expansion; eigenfunctions; covariance matrix; eigenvalues and eigenfunctions; matrix algebra; pattern recognition

L. Sirovich and M. Kirby, "Application of the Karhunen-Loeve Procedure for the Characterization of Human Faces," in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 12, no. , pp. 103-108, 1990.
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