Issue No. 05 - May (1987 vol. 9)
James M. Keller , Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211.
Richard M. Crownover , Department of Mathematics, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211.
Robert Yu Chen , Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Missouri¿Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211; Videk, a division of Eastman Technology Inc., Rochester, NY 14650.
Many objects in images of natural scenes are so complex and erratic, that describing them by the familiar models of classical geometry is inadequate. In this paper, we exploit the power of fractal geometry to generate global characteristics of natural scenes. In particular we are concerned with the following two questions: 1) Can we develop a measure which can distinguish between different global backgrounds (e.g., mountains and trees)? and 2) Can we develop a measure that is sensitive to change in distance (or scale)? We present a model based on fractional Brownian motion which will allow us to recover two characteristics related to the fractal dimension from silhouettes. The first characteristic is an estimate of the fractal dimension based on a least squares linear fit. We show that this feature is stable under a variety of real image conditions and use it to distinguish silhouettes of trees from silhouettes of mountains. Next we introduce a new theoretical concept called the average Holder constant and relate it mathematically to the fractal dimension. It is shown that this measurement is sensitive to scale in a predictable manner, and hence, provides the potential for use as a range indicator. Corroborating experimental results are presented.
R. M. Crownover, R. Y. Chen and J. M. Keller, "Characteristics of Natural Scenes Related to the Fractal Dimension," in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 9, no. , pp. 621-627, 1987.