Issue No. 01 - January (1986 vol. 8)
Alan L. Yuille , Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139.
Tomaso A. Poggio , Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139.
We characterize some properties of the zero crossings of the Laplacian of signals¿in particular images¿filtered with linear filters, as a function of the scale of the filter (extending recent work by Witkin ). We prove that in any dimension the only filter that does not create generic zero crossings as the scale increases is the Gaussian. This result can be generalized to apply to level crossings of any linear differential operator: it applies in particular to ridges and ravines in the image intensity. In the case of the second derivative along the gradient, there is no filter that avoids creation of zero crossings, unless the filtering is performed after the derivative is applied.
Alan L. Yuille, Tomaso A. Poggio, "Scaling Theorems for Zero Crossings", IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 8, no. , pp. 15-25, January 1986, doi:10.1109/TPAMI.1986.4767748