Issue No. 03 - March (1981 vol. 3)
Robert A. Hummel , Courant Institute, New York University, New York, NY 10003.
Steven W. Zucker , Computer Vision and Graphics Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, P.Q., Canada.
Modern scanning techniques, such as computed tomography, have begun to produce true three-dimensional imagery of internal structures. The first stage in finding structure in these images, like that for standard two-dimensional images, is to evaluate a local edge operator over the image. If an edge segment in two dimensions is modeled as an oriented unit line segment that separates unit squares (i.e., pixels) of different intensities, then a three-dimensional edge segment is an oriented unit plane that separates unit volumes (i.e., voxels) of different intensities. In this correspondence we derive an operator that finds the best oriented plane at each point in the image. This operator, which is based directly on the 3-D problem, complements other approaches that are either interactive or heuristic extensions of 2-D techniques.
Robert A. Hummel, Steven W. Zucker, "A Three-Dimensional Edge Operator", IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence, vol. 3, no. , pp. 324-331, March 1981, doi:10.1109/TPAMI.1981.4767105