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Issue No. 08 - Aug. (2013 vol. 12)
ISSN: 1536-1233
pp: 1640-1650
Ian Sharp , CSIRO, Marsfield
Kegen Yu , University of New South Wales, Sydney
This paper presents an enhanced least-squares positioning algorithm for locating and tracking within indoor environments where multipath and nonline-of-sight propagation conditions predominate. The ranging errors are modeled as a zero-mean random component plus a bias component that is assumed to be a linear function of the range. Through minimizing the mean-square error of the position estimation, an expression for the optimal estimate of the bias parameter is obtained. Both range and pseudo-range-based positioning are considered. Simulations and experimentation are conducted which show that a significant accuracy gain can be achieved for range-based positioning using the enhanced least-squares algorithm. It is also observed that the pseudo-range-based least-squares algorithm is little affected by the choice of the bias parameter. The results demonstrate that the experimental 5.8-GHz ISM band positioning system can achieve positional accuracy of around half a meter when using the proposed algorithm.
Position measurement, Base stations, Measurement uncertainty, Mobile communication, Algorithm design and analysis, Standards, Accuracy, experimental verification, Indoor positioning, positional accuracy analysis, enhanced least-squares algorithm, multipath and nonline-of-sight propagation, range and pseudo-range, optimal bias parameter

I. Sharp and K. Yu, "Enhanced Least-Squares Positioning Algorithm for Indoor Positioning," in IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol. 12, no. , pp. 1640-1650, 2013.
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