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Issue No. 04 - April (2012 vol. 11)
ISSN: 1536-1233
pp: 543-552
Yunhuai Liu , Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Hong Kong Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Hong Kong, China
Hoi-Lun Ngan , Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Hong Kong Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Hong Kong, China
Haoyu Tan , Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Hong Kong Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Hong Kong, China
Kaishun Wu , Phys. & Eng, Sun Yat-sen Univ., Guangzhou, China
Lionel M. Ni , Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Hong Kong Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Hong Kong, China
ABSTRACT
IEEE 802.15.4 standard specifies physical layer (PHY) and medium access control (MAC) sublayer protocols for low-rate and low-power communication applications. In this protocol, every 4-bit symbol is encoded into a sequence of 32 chips that are actually transmitted over the air. The 32 chips as a whole is also called a pseudonoise code (PN-Code). Due to complex channel conditions such as attenuation and interference, the transmitted PN-Code will often be received with some PN-Code chips corrupted. In this paper, we conduct a systematic analysis on these errors occurring at chip level. We find that there are notable error patterns corresponding to different cases. We then show that recognizing these patterns enables us to identify the channel condition in great details. We believe that understanding what happened to the transmission in our way can potentially bring benefit to channel coding, routing, and error correction protocol design. Finally, we propose Simple Rule, a simple yet effective method based on the chip error patterns to infer the link condition with an accuracy of over 96 percent in our evaluations.
INDEX TERMS
Zigbee, access protocols, channel coding, error analysis, pseudonoise codes, telecommunication network routing, error correction protocol design, chip error pattern analysis, IEEE 802.15.4 standard specifies physical layer, medium access control protocols, MAC sublayer protocols, low-rate communication applications, low-power communication applications, pseudonoise code, PN-code chips, complex channel conditions, channel coding, Interference, Time series analysis, Measurement, Attenuation, Bars, Mobile computing, Spread spectrum communication, measurement study., IEEE 802.15.4, physical layer (PHY), pseudonoise (PN) codes, chip error patterns
CITATION
Yunhuai Liu, Hoi-Lun Ngan, Haoyu Tan, Kaishun Wu, Lionel M. Ni, "Chip Error Pattern Analysis in IEEE 802.15.4", IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol. 11, no. , pp. 543-552, April 2012, doi:10.1109/TMC.2011.44
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