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Wireless Mesh Networks (WMNs) have emerged as one of the major technologies for the 4G high-speed mobile networks. In a WMN, a mesh backhaul connects the WMN with Internet, and mesh access points (MAPs) provide wireless network access service to mobile stations (MSs). The MAPs are stationary and connected through the wireless mesh links. Due to MS mobility in WMNs, Mobility Management (MM) is required to efficiently and correctly route the packets to MSs. We propose an MM mechanism named Wireless mesh Mobility Management (WMM). The WMM adopts the location cache approach where mesh backhaul and MAPs (referred to as mesh nodes; MNs) cache the MS's location information while routing the data for the MS. The MM is exercised when MNs route the packets. We implement the WMM and conduct an analytical model and simulation experiments to investigate the performance of WMM. We compare the signaling and routing cost between WMM and other existing MM protocols. Our study shows that WMM has light signaling overhead and low implementation cost.
Location Cache, Mobility Management, Wireless Mesh Network

D. Huang, C. Gan and P. Lin, "Design and Performance Study for a Mobility Management Mechanism (WMM) Using Location Cache for Wireless Mesh Networks," in IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol. 7, no. , pp. 546-556, 2007.
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