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Space-time communications can help combat fading and, hence, can significantly increase the capacity of ad hoc networks. Cooperative diversity or virtual antenna arrays facilitate spatio-temporal communications without actually requiring the deployment of physical antenna arrays. Virtual MISO entails the simultaneous transmission of appropriately encoded information by multiple nodes to effectively emulate a transmission on an antenna array. We present a novel multilayer approach for exploiting virtual MISO links in ad hoc networks. The approach spans the physical, medium access control and routing layers, and provides 1) a significant improvement in the end-to-end performance in terms of throughput and delay and 2) robustness to mobility and interference-induced link failures. The key physical layer property that we exploit is an increased transmission range due to achieved diversity gain. Except for space-time signal processing capabilities, our design does not require any additional hardware. We perform extensive simulations to quantify the benefits of our approach using virtual MISO links. As compared to using only SISO links, we achieve an increase of up to 150 percent in terms of the end-to-end throughput and a decrease of up to 75 percent in the incurred end-to-end delay. Our results also demonstrate a reduction in the route discovery attempts due to link failures by up to 60 percent, a direct consequence of the robustness that our approach provides to link failures.
Cooperative diversity, cross-layer protocols.

O. Ercetin, G. Jakllari, M. Faloutsos, P. V. Krishnamurthy and S. V. Krishnamurthy, "A Cross-Layer Framework for Exploiting Virtual MISO Links in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks," in IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol. 6, no. , pp. 579-594, 2007.
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