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In the past decade, there has been a huge proliferation of wireless local area networks (WLANs) based on the IEEE 802.11 WLAN standard. As 802.11 connectivity becomes more ubiquitous, multihop communications will be increasingly used for access point range extension and coverage enhancement. In this paper, we present a design for an IEEE 802.11-based power saving access point (PSAP), intended for use in multihop battery and solar/battery powered applications. These types of APs have many practical applications and can be deployed very quickly and inexpensively to provide coverage enhancement in situations such as campuses, building complexes, and fast deployment scenarios. Unlike conventional wired access points, in this type of system, power saving on the AP itself is an important objective. A key design constraint is that the proposed PSAP be backward compatible to a wide range of IEEE 802.11 functionality and existing wired access points. In this paper, we introduce the protocols required to achieve this compatibility, show the constraints imposed by this restriction, and present performance results for the proposed system.
Index Terms- Wireless LANs, IEEE 802.11, ESS mesh, power saving, access point, solar power, multihop communications.

F. Zhang, T. D. Todd, D. Zhao and V. Kezys, "Power Saving Access Points for IEEE 802.11 Wireless Network Infrastructure," in IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol. 5, no. , pp. 144-156, 2006.
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