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<p><b>Abstract</b>—This paper presents the fault tolerance of Mobile IP in wireless systems. Mobile IP can support wireless users with continuous network connections while changing locations. It is achieved by allocating a number of mobility agents (foreign agents and home agents) in the architecture of a wireless system. If a failure occurs in a mobility agent, the wireless users located in the coverage area of the faulty mobility agent will lose their network connections. To tolerate the failures of mobility agents, this paper proposes an efficient approach to maintaining the network connections of wireless users without being affected by the failures. Once detecting a failure in a mobility agent, failure-free mobility agents are dynamically selected to be organized as a backup set to take over the faulty mobility agent. Compared to the previous approaches, the proposed approach does not take any actions against failures during the failure-free period. Besides, the hardware redundancy technique is also not used in the proposed approach. The overhead of the proposed approach is analyzed using the <it>M/G/c/c</it> queuing model. The results show that the proposed approach can effectively resolve the fault-tolerant problem of Mobile IP in wireless systems.</p>
Fault tolerance, Mobile IP, wireless systems, M/G/c/c queuing model.

J. Lin and J. Arul, "An Efficient Fault-Tolerant Approach for Mobile IP in Wireless Systems," in IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, vol. 2, no. , pp. 207-220, 2003.
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