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Issue No. 11 - Nov. (2018 vol. 30)
ISSN: 1041-4347
pp: 2078-2092
Arjiit Khan , Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Francesco Bonchi , ISI Foundation, Torino, TO, Italy
Francesco Gullo , R&D Department, UniCredit, Rome, Italy
Andreas Nufer , ETH Zurich, Zürich, Switzerland
ABSTRACT
Network reliability is a well-studied problem that requires to measure the probability that a target node is reachable from a source node in a probabilistic (or uncertain) graph, i.e., a graph where every edge is assigned a probability of existence. Many approaches and problem variants have been considered in the literature, with the majority of them assuming that edge-existence probabilities are fixed. Nevertheless, in real-world graphs, edge probabilities typically depend on external conditions. In metabolic networks, a protein can be converted into another protein with some probability depending on the presence of certain enzymes. In social influence networks, the probability that a tweet of some user will be re-tweeted by her followers depends on whether the tweet contains specific hashtags. In transportation networks, the probability that a network segment will work properly or not, might depend on external conditions such as weather or time of the day. In this paper, we overcome this limitation and focus on conditional reliability, that is, assessing reliability when edge-existence probabilities depend on a set of conditions. In particular, we study the problem of determining the top- $_$k$_$ conditions that maximize the reliability between two nodes. We deeply characterize our problem and show that, even employing polynomial-time reliability-estimation methods, it is $_$\mathbf {NP}$_$ -hard, does not admit any $_$\mathbf {PTAS}$_$ , and the underlying objective function is non-submodular. We then devise a practical method that targets both accuracy and efficiency. We also study natural generalizations of the problem with multiple source and target nodes. An extensive empirical evaluation on several large, real-life graphs demonstrates effectiveness and scalability of our methods.
INDEX TERMS
Biochemistry, Compounds, Reliability theory, Tagging, Twitter
CITATION

A. Khan, F. Bonchi, F. Gullo and A. Nufer, "Conditional Reliability in Uncertain Graphs," in IEEE Transactions on Knowledge & Data Engineering, vol. 30, no. 11, pp. 2078-2092, 2018.
doi:10.1109/TKDE.2018.2816653
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