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Issue No. 02 - Feb. (2018 vol. 30)
ISSN: 1041-4347
pp: 234-248
Zhiting Lin , School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Anhui University, Hefei, Anhui, China
Liang Dong , Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Baylor University, Waco, TX
ABSTRACT
A social approach can be exploited for the Internet of Things (IoT) to manage a large number of connected objects. These objects operate as autonomous agents to request and provide information and services to users. Establishing trustworthy relationships among the objects greatly improves the effectiveness of node interaction in the social IoT and helps nodes overcome perceptions of uncertainty and risk. However, there are limitations in the existing trust models. In this paper, a comprehensive model of trust is proposed that is tailored to the social IoT. The model includes ingredients such as trustor, trustee, goal, trustworthiness evaluation, decision, action, result, and context. Building on this trust model, we clarify the concepts of trust in the social IoT in five aspects such as: 1) mutuality of trustor and trustee; 2) inferential transfer of trust; 3) transitivity of trust; 4) trustworthiness update; and 5) trustworthiness affected by dynamic environment. With network connectivities that are from real-world social networks, a series of simulations are conducted to evaluate the performance of the social IoT operated with the proposed trust model. An experimental IoT network is used to further validate the proposed trust model.
INDEX TERMS
Social network services, Peer-to-peer computing, Computational modeling, Internet of Things, Adaptation models, Data models
CITATION

Z. Lin and L. Dong, "Clarifying Trust in Social Internet of Things," in IEEE Transactions on Knowledge & Data Engineering, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 234-248, 2018.
doi:10.1109/TKDE.2017.2762678
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