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Issue No. 03 - March (2014 vol. 26)
ISSN: 1041-4347
pp: 608-622
Ying Zhang , The University of New South Wales, Sydney
Wenjie Zhang , The University of New South Wales, Sydney
Qianlu Lin , The University of New South Wales, Sydney
Xuemin Lin , The University of New South Wales, Sydney
Heng Tao Shen , The University of Queensland, Brisbane
As the uncertainty is inherent in a wide spectrum of applications such as radio frequency identification (RFID) networks and location-based services (LBS), it is highly demanded to address the uncertainty of the objects. In this paper, we propose a novel indexing structure, named $(U)$-Quadtree, to organize the uncertain objects in the multidimensional space such that the queries can be processed efficiently by taking advantage of $(U)$-Quadtree. Particularly, we focus on the range search on multidimensional uncertain objects since it is a fundamental query in a spatial database. We propose a cost model which carefully considers various factors that may impact the performance. Then, an effective and efficient index construction algorithm is proposed to build the optimal $(U)$-Quadtree regarding the cost model. We show that $(U)$-Quadtree can also efficiently support other types of queries such as uncertain range query and nearest neighbor query. Comprehensive experiments demonstrate that our techniques outperform the existing works on multidimensional uncertain objects.
Search problems, Indexing, Probabilistic logic, Probability density function, Upper bound, Radiofrequency identification

Y. Zhang, W. Zhang, Q. Lin, X. Lin and H. T. Shen, "Effectively Indexing the Multidimensional Uncertain Objects," in IEEE Transactions on Knowledge & Data Engineering, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 608-622, 2014.
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