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Issue No. 07 - July (2012 vol. 24)
ISSN: 1041-4347
pp: 1306-1312
N. Fenton , Sch. of Electron. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Queen Mary Univ. of London, London, UK
Xiaoli Chen , Sch. of Electron. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Queen Mary Univ. of London, London, UK
M. Neil , Sch. of Electron. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Queen Mary Univ. of London, London, UK
Reducing the computational complexity of inference in Bayesian Networks (BNs) is a key challenge. Current algorithms for inference convert a BN to a junction tree structure made up of clusters of the BN nodes and the resulting complexity is time exponential in the size of a cluster. The need to reduce the complexity is especially acute where the BN contains continuous nodes. We propose a new method for optimizing the calculation of Conditional Probability Tables (CPTs) involving continuous nodes, approximated in Hybrid Bayesian Networks (HBNs), using an approximation algorithm called dynamic discretization. We present an optimized solution to this problem involving binary factorization of the arithmetical expressions declared to generate the CPTs for continuous nodes for deterministic functions and statistical distributions. The proposed algorithm is implemented and tested in a commercial Hybrid Bayesian Network software package and the results of the empirical evaluation show significant performance improvement over unfactorized models.
tree data structures, approximation theory, belief networks, computational complexity, pattern clustering, software packages, statistical distributions, unfactorized models, conditional probability tables, binary factorization, computational complexity, junction tree structure, BN nodes, time exponential complexity, cluster size, CPT, approximation algorithm, dynamic discretization, arithmetical expressions, deterministic functions, statistical distributions, hybrid Bayesian network software package, Clustering algorithms, Algorithm design and analysis, Heuristic algorithms, Inference algorithms, Approximation algorithms, Bayesian methods, Junctions, dynamic discretization., Bayesian networks, binary factorization

N. Fenton, Xiaoli Chen and M. Neil, "Optimizing the Calculation of Conditional Probability Tables in Hybrid Bayesian Networks Using Binary Factorization," in IEEE Transactions on Knowledge & Data Engineering, vol. 24, no. , pp. 1306-1312, 2012.
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