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Issue No. 02 - February (2010 vol. 22)
ISSN: 1041-4347
pp: 219-233
Bin Cui , Peking University, Beijing
Jiakui Zhao , Peking University, Beijing
Dongqing Yang , Peking University, Beijing
Sparse data are becoming increasingly common and available in many real-life applications. However, relatively little attention has been paid to effectively model the sparse data and existing approaches such as the conventional "horizontal” and "vertical” representations fail to provide satisfactory performance for both storage and query processing, as such approaches are too rigid and generally do not consider the dimension correlations. In this paper, we propose a new approach, named HoVer, to store and conduct query for sparse data sets in an unmodified RDBMS, where HoVer stands for Horizontal representation over Vertically partitioned subspaces. According to the dimension correlations of sparse data sets, a novel mechanism has been developed to vertically partition a high-dimensional sparse data set into multiple lower-dimensional subspaces, and all the dimensions are highly correlated intrasubspace and highly unrelated intersubspace, respectively. Therefore, original data objects can be represented by the horizontal format in respective subspaces. With the novel HoVer representation, users can write SQL queries over the original horizontal view, which can be easily rewritten into queries over the subspace tables. Experiments over synthetic and real-life data sets show that our approach is effective in finding correlated subspaces and yields superior performance for the storage and query of sparse data.
Sparse database, query processing, correlation, subspace, HoVer.

D. Yang, B. Cui and J. Zhao, "Exploring Correlated Subspaces for Efficient Query Processing in Sparse Databases," in IEEE Transactions on Knowledge & Data Engineering, vol. 22, no. , pp. 219-233, 2009.
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