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Issue No. 06 - June (2009 vol. 21)
ISSN: 1041-4347
pp: 759-772
Osmar R. Zaïane , University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta
Dilhan Perera , University of Sydney, Sydney
Irena Koprinska , University of Sydney, Sydney
Judy Kay , University of Sydney, Sydney
Kalina Yacef , University of Sydney, Sydney
ABSTRACT
Group work is widespread in education. The growing use of online tools supporting group work generates huge amounts of data. We aim to exploit this data to support mirroring: presenting useful high-level views of information about the group, together with desired patterns characterizing the behavior of strong groups. The goal is to enable the groups and their facilitators to see relevant aspects of the group's operation and provide feedback if these are more likely to be associated with positive or negative outcomes and indicate where the problems are. We explore how useful mirror information can be extracted via a theory-driven approach and a range of clustering and sequential pattern mining. The context is a senior software development project where students use the collaboration tool TRAC. We extract patterns distinguishing the better from the weaker groups and get insights in the success factors. The results point to the importance of leadership and group interaction, and give promising indications if they are occurring. Patterns indicating good individual practices were also identified. We found that some key measures can be mined from early data. The results are promising for advising groups at the start and early identification of effective and poor practices, in time for remediation.
INDEX TERMS
Data mining, clustering, sequential pattern mining, learning group work skills, collaborative learning, computer-assisted instruction.
CITATION
Osmar R. Zaïane, Dilhan Perera, Irena Koprinska, Judy Kay, Kalina Yacef, "Clustering and Sequential Pattern Mining of Online Collaborative Learning Data", IEEE Transactions on Knowledge & Data Engineering, vol. 21, no. , pp. 759-772, June 2009, doi:10.1109/TKDE.2008.138
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