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For homeland and national security, the deployment of multi-modal biometrics is desirable with e-passports, but is hindered by privacy infringement and high cost implementation. We propose an authentication methodology which combines multi-modal biometrics and cryptographic mechanisms for border control applications. Specifically, we accommodate face and fingerprint without a mandatory requirement of (tamper-resistant) smart-card-level devices. We could imprint a (publicly readable) bar codes on the passport with regard to easier world-wide deployment. Additionally, we present a solution based on certification and key management method to control the validity of passports within the current PKI technology paradigm.
Security and Privacy Protection, Authentication, Verification

H. Moon and T. Kwon, "Biometric Authentication for Border Control Applications," in IEEE Transactions on Knowledge & Data Engineering, vol. 20, no. , pp. 1091-1096, 2007.
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