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<p><b>Abstract</b>—Caching at proxy servers is one of the ways to reduce the response time perceived by World Wide Web users. Cache replacement algorithms play a central rolfe in the response time reduction by selecting a subset of documents for caching, so that a given performance metric is maximized. At the same time, the cache must take extra steps to guarantee some form of consistency of the cached documents. Cache consistency algorithms enforce appropriate guarantees about the staleness of the cached documents. We describe a unified cache maintenance algorithm, LNC-R-W3-U, which integrates both cache replacement and consistency algorithms. The LNC-R-W3-U algorithm evicts documents from the cache based on the delay to fetch each document into the cache. Consequently, the documents that took a long time to fetch are preferentially kept in the cache. The LNC-R-W3-U algorithm also considers in the eviction consideration the validation rate of each document, as provided by the cache consistency component ofLNC-R-W3-U. Consequently, documents that are infrequently updated and thus seldom require validations are preferentially retained in the cache. We describe the implementation of LNC-R-W3-U and its integration with the Apache 1.2.6 code base. Finally, we present a trace-driven experimental study of LNC-R-W3-U performance and its comparison with other previously published algorithms for cache maintenance.</p>
Proxy, caching, cache replacement, cache consistency, World Wide Web.

J. Shim, P. Scheuermann and R. Vingralek, "Proxy Cache Algorithms: Design, Implementation, and Performance," in IEEE Transactions on Knowledge & Data Engineering, vol. 11, no. , pp. 549-562, 1999.
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