Issue No. 01 - March (1989 vol. 1)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/69.43405
<p>The author first discusses the difference between a knowledge base (KB) and a database (DB), which seems to hinge on the 'gray box' verses 'black box' nature of the entries. He then discusses the need for a huge KB to break today's bottleneck in intelligent systems, i.e. their brittleness when confronted by unforeseen problems. That same brittleness-the representation trap-is what prevents multiple expert systems from cooperating or even sharing rules. The author then considers the central question of the present work: How is the task of building a huge KB different from that of building n small KBs? It is shown that this leads into the realm of ontological engineering, and it is found that there is no single, elegant 'use-neutral' solution to the problem, at least not at present, but that a kind of variegated 'tool-box' approach might succeed.</p>
knowledge engineering; knowledge base; database; DB; KB; intelligent systems; brittleness; unforeseen problems; representation trap; multiple expert systems; rules; ontological engineering; database management systems; knowledge engineering
D. Lenat, "Ontological Versus Knowledge Engineering," in IEEE Transactions on Knowledge & Data Engineering, vol. 1, no. , pp. 84-88, 1989.