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Issue No. 01 - Jan.-March (2017 vol. 10)
ISSN: 1939-1412
pp: 130-134
Vibol Yem , University of Electro-Communications, Tokyo, Japan
Hiroyuki Kajimoto , University of Electro-Communications, Tokyo, Japan
ABSTRACT
An electrotactile display is a tactile interface that provides tactile perception by passing electrical current through the surface of the skin. It is actively used instead of mechanical tactile displays for tactile feedback because of several advantages such as its small and thin size, light weight, and high responsiveness. However, the similarities and differences between these sensations is still not clear. This study directly compares the intensity sensation of electrotactile stimulation to that of mechanical stimulation, and investigates the characteristic sensation of anodic and cathodic stimulation. In the experiment, participants underwent a 30 pps electrotactile stimulus every one second to their middle finger, and were asked to match this intensity by adjusting the intensity of a mechanical tactile stimulus to an index finger. The results showed that anodic stimulation mainly produced vibration sensation, whereas cathodic sensation produced both vibration and pressure sensations. Relatively low pressure sensation was also observed for anodic stimulation but it remains low, regardless of the increasing of electrical intensity.
INDEX TERMS
Vibrations, Skin, Electrodes, Electrical stimulation, Fingers, Electric potential, Indexes
CITATION

V. Yem and H. Kajimoto, "Comparative Evaluation of Tactile Sensation by Electrical and Mechanical Stimulation," in IEEE Transactions on Haptics, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 130-134, 2017.
doi:10.1109/TOH.2016.2605084
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