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Issue No. 04 - Oct.-Dec. (2013 vol. 6)
ISSN: 1939-1412
pp: 453-463
Andrew J. Doxon , Dept. of Mech. Eng., Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
David E. Johnson , Sch. of Comput., Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
Hong Z. Tan , Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, USA
William R. Provancher , Dept. of Mech. Eng., Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
ABSTRACT
Many of the devices used in haptics research are over-engineered for the task and are designed with capabilities that go far beyond human perception levels. Designing devices that more closely match the limits of human perception will make them smaller, less expensive, and more useful. However, many device-centric perception thresholds have yet to be evaluated. To this end, three experiments were conducted, using one degree-of-freedom contact location feedback device in combination with a kinesthetic display, to provide a more explicit set of specifications for similar tactile-kinesthetic haptic devices. The first of these experiments evaluated the ability of humans to repeatedly localize tactile cues across the fingerpad. Subjects could localize cues to within 1.3 mm and showed bias toward the center of the fingerpad. The second experiment evaluated the minimum perceptible difference of backlash at the tactile element. Subjects were able to discriminate device backlash in excess of 0.46 mm on low-curvature models and 0.93 mm on high-curvature models. The last experiment evaluated the minimum perceptible difference of system delay between user action and device reaction. Subjects were able to discriminate delays in excess of 61 ms. The results from these studies can serve as the maximum (i.e., most demanding) device specifications for most tactile-kinesthetic haptic systems.
INDEX TERMS
Haptic interfaces, Delays, Fingers, Performance evaluation, Visualization, Phantoms
CITATION

A. J. Doxon, D. E. Johnson, H. Z. Tan and W. R. Provancher, "Human Detection and Discrimination of Tactile Repeatability, Mechanical Backlash, and Temporal Delay in a Combined Tactile-Kinesthetic Haptic Display System," in IEEE Transactions on Haptics, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 453-463, 2013.
doi:10.1109/TOH.2013.50
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