The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Issue No.01 - First Quarter (2013 vol.6)
pp: 81-93
S. Okamoto , Dept. of Mech. Sci. & Eng., Nagoya Univ., Nagoya, Japan
H. Nagano , Dept. of Mech. Sci. & Eng., Nagoya Univ., Nagoya, Japan
Y. Yamada , Dept. of Mech. Sci. & Eng., Nagoya Univ., Nagoya, Japan
This paper reviews studies on the tactile dimensionality of physical properties of materials in order to determine a common structure for these dimensions. Based on the commonality found in a number of studies and known mechanisms for the perception of physical properties of textures, we conclude that tactile textures are composed of three prominent psychophysical dimensions that are perceived as roughness/smoothness, hardness/softness, and coldness/warmness. The roughness dimension may be divided into two dimensions: macro and fine roughness. Furthermore, it is reasonable to consider that a friction dimension that is related to the perception of moistness/dryness and stickiness/slipperiness exists. Thus, the five potential dimensions of tactile perception are macro and fine roughness, warmness/coldness, hardness/softness, and friction (moistness/dryness, stickiness/slipperiness). We also summarize methods such as psychological experiments and mathematical approaches for structuring tactile dimensions and their limitations.
Haptic interfaces, Correlation, Rough surfaces, Surface roughness, Estimation, Fabrics,sensory evaluation, Factor analysis, multidimensional scaling
S. Okamoto, H. Nagano, Y. Yamada, "Psychophysical Dimensions of Tactile Perception of Textures", IEEE Transactions on Haptics, vol.6, no. 1, pp. 81-93, First Quarter 2013, doi:10.1109/TOH.2012.32
[1] L.A. Jones and S.J. Lederman, Human Hand Function. Oxford Univ. Press, 2006.
[2] S.J. Lederman and R.L. Klatzky, "Haptic Perception: A Tutorial," Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, vol. 71, no. 7, pp. 1439-1459, 2009.
[3] S.J. Bensmaïa, "Texture from Touch," Scholarpedia, vol. 4, no. 8, p. 7956, 2009.
[4] W.M. Bergmann Tiest, "Tactual Perception of Material Properties," Vision Research, vol. 50, no. 24, pp. 2775-2782, 2010.
[5] X. Chen, C.J. Barnes, T.H.C. Childs, B. Henson, and F. Shao, "Materials' Tactile Testing and Characterisation for Consumer Products' Affective Packaging Design," Materials and Design, vol. 30, pp. 4299-4310, 2009.
[6] X. Chen, F. Shao, C. Barnes, T. Childs, and B. Henson, "Exploring Relationships between Touch Perception and Surface Physical Properties," Int'l J. Design, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 67-76, 2009.
[7] C.E. Osgood, G.J. Suci, and P.H. Tannenbaum, The Measurement of Meaning. Univ. Illinois Press, 1957.
[8] M. Yoshida, "Dimensions of Tactual Impressions (1)," Japanese Psychological Research, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 123-137, 1968.
[9] A.R. Rao and G.L. Lohse, "Towards a Texture Naming System: Identifying Relevant Dimensions of Texture," Vision Research, vol. 36, no. 11, pp. 1649-1669, 1996.
[10] W. Lee and M. Sato, "Visual Perception of Texture of Textiles," Color Research & Application, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 469-477, 2001.
[11] Y. Tanaka, M. Tanaka, and S. Chonan, "Development of a Sensor System for Measuring Tactile Sensation," Proc. IEEE Conf. Sensors, pp. 554-557, 2006.
[12] H. Shirado and T. Maeno, "Modeling of Human Texture Perception for Tactile Displays and Sensors," Proc. World Haptics Conf., pp. 629-630, 2005.
[13] K. Tamura, O. Oyama, and H. Yamada, "Study on Feeling Evaluation Applied to Material Recognition (in Japanese)," Proc. JSME Dynamics and Design Conf., p. 709, 2000.
[14] A. Giboreau, S. Navarro, P. Faye, and J. Dumortier, "Sensory Evaluation of Automotive Fabrics: The Contribution of Categorization Tasks and Non Verbal Information to Set-Up a Descriptive Method of Tactile Properties," Food Quality and Preference, vol. 12, pp. 311-322, 2001.
[15] T. Yoshioka, S.J. Bensmaïa, J.C. Craig, and S.S. Hsiao, "Texture Perception through Direct and Indirect Touch: An Analysis of Perceptual Space for Tactile Textures in two Modes of Exploration," Somatosensory and Motor Research, vol. 24, nos. 1/2, pp. 53-70, 2007.
[16] R.Y. Cho, V. Yang, and P.E. Hallett, "Reliability and Dimensionality of Judgments of Visually Textured Materials," Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 735-752, 2000.
[17] M. Yoshida, "Dimensions of Tactual Impressions (2)," Japanese Psychological Rsearch, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 157-173, 1968.
[18] M.B. Lyne, A. Whiteman, and D.C. Donderi, "Multidimentional Scaling of Tissue Quality," Pulp and Paper Canada, vol. 85, no. 10, pp. 43-50, 1984.
[19] M. Hollins, S. Bensmaïa, K. Karlof, and F. Young, "Individual Differences in Perceptual Space for Tactile Textures: Evidence from Multidimensional Scaling," Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, vol. 62, no. 8, pp. 1534-1544, 2000.
[20] M. Hollins, R. Faldowski, S. Rao, and F. Young, "Perceptual Dimensions of Tactile Surface Texture: A Multidimensional Scaling Analysis," Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, vol. 54, no. 6, pp. 697-705, 1993.
[21] D. Picard, C. Dacremont, D. Valentin, and A. Giboreau, "Perceptual Dimensions of Tactile Textures," Acta Psychologica, vol. 114, no. 2, pp. 165-184, 2003.
[22] S. Ballesteros, J.M. Reales, L. Ponce de León, and B. García, "The Perception of Ecological Textures by Touch: Does the Perceptual Space Change Under Bimodal Visual and Haptic Exploration," Proc. World Haptics Conf., pp. 635-638, 2005.
[23] W.M. Bergmann Tiest and A.M.L. Kappers, "Analysis of Haptic Perception of Materials by Multidimensional Scaling and Physical Measurements of Roughness and Compressibility," Acta Psychologica, vol. 121, no. 1, pp. 1-20, 2006.
[24] "Haptic Object Identification," Human Haptic Perception: Basics and Applications, first ed., S. Ballesteros, M.A. Heller, and M. Grunwald eds., pp. 212-213, Springer, 2008.
[25] D. Picard, G. Dacremont, D. Valentin, and A. Giboreau, "About the Salient Perceptual Dimensions of Tactile Textures Space," Touch, Blindness, and Neuroscience, S. Ballesteros and M.A. Heller, eds., pp. 165-174, Uned, 2004.
[26] S. Guest, J.M. Dessirier, A. Mehrabyan, F. McGlone, G. Essick, G. Gescheider, A. Fontana, R. Xiong, R. Ackerley, and K. Blot, "The Development and Validation of Sensory and Emotional Scales of Touch Perception," Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, vol. 73, pp. 531-550, 2011.
[27] I. Soufflet, M. Calonnier, and C. Dacremont, "A Comparison Between Industrial Experts' and Novices' Haptic Perceptual Organization: A Tool to Identify Descriptors of the Handle of Fabrics," Food Quality and Preference, vol. 15, pp. 689-699, 2004.
[28] G.A. Gescheider, S.J. Bolanowski, T.G. Greenfield, and K.E. Brunette, "Perception of the Tactile Texture of Raised-Dot Patterns: A Multidimensional Analysis," Somatosensory and Motor Research, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 127-140, 2005.
[29] "Haptic Discriminiation of Paper," Human Haptic Perception: Basics and Applications, first ed., I.R. Summers, R.J. Irwin, A.C. Brady, and M. Grunwald, eds., pp. 525-535, Springer, 2008.
[30] S. Guest, A. Mehrabyan, G. Essick, N. Phillips, A. Hopkinson, and F. Mcglone, "Physics and Tactile Perception of Fluid-Covered Surfaces," J. Texture Studies, vol. 43, pp. 77-93, 2012, DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-4603.2011.00318.x.
[31] T. Yoshioka, B. Gibb, A.K. Dorsch, S.S. Hsiao, and K.O. Johnson, "Neural Coding Mechanisms Underlying Perceived Roughness of Finely Textured Surfaces," J. Neuroscience, vol. 21, no. 17, pp. 6905-6916, 2001.
[32] S.J. Bensmaïa and M. Hollins, "Pacinian Representations of Fine Surface Texture," Perception & Psychophysics, vol. 67, no. 5, pp. 842-854, 2005.
[33] A.M. Smith and S.H. Scott, "Subjective Scaling of Smooth Surface Friction," J. Neurophysiology, vol. 75, no. 5, pp. 1957-1962, 1996.
[34] H. Shirado, Y. Nonomura, and T. Maeno, "Realization of Human Skin-Like Texture by Emulating Surface Shape Pattern and Elastic Structure," Proc. IEEE Symp. Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems, pp. 295-296, 2006.
[35] T. Matsuoka, H. Kanai, H. Tsuji, T. Shinya, and T. Nishimatsu, "Predicting Texture Image of Covering Fabric for Car Seat by Physical Properties," J. Textile Eng., vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 63-74, 2008.
[36] Y. Tanaka and S. Sachiko, "Evaluation of 'Shittori' Characteristic for Fabrics," J. Textile Eng., vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 75-81, 2008.
[37] G. Ekman, J. Hosman, and B. Lindström, "Roughness, Smoothness, and Preference: A Study of Quantitative Relations in Individual Subjects," J. Experimental Psychology, vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 18-26, 1965.
[38] A.M. Smith, C.E. Chapman, M. Deslandes, J.S. Langlais, and M.P. Thibodeau, "Role of Friction and Tangential Force Variation in the Subjective Scaling of Tactile Roughness," Experimental Brain Research, vol. 144, no. 2, pp. 211-223, 2002.
[39] A.M. Smith and G. Basile, "Roughness of Simulated Surfaces Examined with a Haptic Tool: Effects of Spatial Period, Friction, and Resistance Amplitude," Experimental Brain Research, vol. 202, no. 1, pp. 33-43, 2010.
[40] M.M. Taylor and S.J. Lederman, "Tactile Roughness of Grooved Surfaces: A Model and the Effect of Friction," Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 23-36, 1975.
[41] L. Skedung, K. Danerlöv, U. Olofsson, C.M. Johannesson, M. Aikala, J. Kettle, M. Arvidsson, B. Berglund, and M.W. Rutland, "Tactile Perception: Finger Friction, Surface Roughness and Perceived Coarseness," Tribology Int'l, pp. 505-512, 2011.
[42] Y. Nonomura, T. Fujii, Y. Arashi, T. Miura, T. Maeno, K. Tashiro, Y. Kamikawa, and R. Monchi, "Tactile Impression and Friction Ofwater on Human Skin," Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, vol. 69, pp. 264-267, 2009.
[43] M. Hollins, F. Lorenz, A. Seeger, and R. Taylor, "Factors Contributing to the Integration of Textural Qualities: Evidence from Virtual Surfaces," Somatosensory and Motor Research, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 193-206, 2005.
[44] C.E. Connor, S.S. Hsiao, J.R. Phillips, and K.O. Johnson, "Tactile Roughness: Neural Codes that Account for Psychophysical Magnitude Estimates," J. Neuroscience, vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 3823-3836, 1990.
[45] D.T. Blake, S.S. Hsiao, and K.O. Johnson, "Neural Coding Mechanisms in Tactile Pattern Recognition: The Relative Contributions of Slowly and Rapidly Adapting Mechanoreceptors to Perceived Roughness," J. Neuroscience, vol. 17, no. 19, pp. 7480-7489, 1997.
[46] E.M. Meftah, L. Belingard, and C.E. Chapman, "Relative Effects of the Spatial and Temporal Characteristics of Scanned Surfaces on Human Perception of Tactile Roughness Using Passive Touch," Experimental Brain Research, vol. 132, no. 3, pp. 351-361, 2000.
[47] S. Lederman, "Tactile Roughness of Grooved Surfaces: The Touching Process and Effects of Macro- and Microsurface Structure," Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 385-395, 1974.
[48] M. Hollins and S.R. Rinser, "Evidence for the Duplex Theory of Tactile Texture Perception," Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 695-705, 2000.
[49] C.J. Cascio and K. Sathian, "Temporal Cues Contribute to Tactile Perception of Roughness," J. Neuroscience, vol. 21, no. 14, pp. 5289-5296, 2001.
[50] M. Konyo, H. Yamada, S. Okamoto, and S. Tadokoro, "Alternative Display of Friction Represented by Tactile Stimulation without Tangential Force," Proc. Sixth Int'l Conf. Haptics: Perception, Devices and Scenarios, pp. 619-629, 2008.
[51] M.J. Zigler, "An Experimental Study of the Perception of Stickiness," The Am. J. Psychology, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 73-84, 1923.
[52] M.J. Zigler, "An Experimental Study of the Perception of Clamminess," The Am. J. Psychology, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 550-561, 1923.
[53] W.R. Provancher and N.D. Sylvester, "Fingerpad Skin Stretch Increases the Perception of Virtual Friction," IEEE Trans. Haptics, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 212-223, Oct./Dec. 2009.
[54] G. Westling and R.S. Johansson, "Responses in Glabrous Skin Mechanoreceptors during Precision Grip in Humans," Experimental Brain Research, vol. 66, pp. 128-140, 1987.
[55] I. Birznieks, P. Jenmalm, A.W. Goodwin, and R.S. Johansson, "Encoding of Direction of Fingertip Forces by Human Tactile Afferents," The J. Neuroscience, vol. 20, no. 20, pp. 8222-8237, 2001.
[56] S. Johansson and G. Westling, "Signals in Tactile Afferents from the Fingers Eliciting Adaptive Motor Responses During the Precision Grip," Experimental Brain Research, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 141-154, 1988.
[57] M. Srinivasan, J. Whitehouse, and R. Lamotte, "Tactile Detection of Slip: Surface Microgeometry and Peripheral Neural Codes," J. Neurophysiology, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 1323-1332, 1990.
[58] T. Maeno and K. Kobayashi, "FE analysis of the dynamic characteristics of the human finger pad with objects with/without surface roughness," Proc. ASME Int'l Mechanical Eng. Congress and Exposition, vol. 64, pp. 279-286, 1998.
[59] D. Katz, The World of Touch. Psychology Press, 1989.
[60] S. Kawabata and Y. Akagi, "Relation between Thermal Feeling and Thermal Absorption Property of Clothing Fabric," J. Textile Machinery Soc. of Japan, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. T13-T22, 1977.
[61] M.J. Pac, M. Bueno, and M. Renner, "Warm-Cool Feeling Relative to Tribological Properties of Fabrics," Textile Research J., vol. 71, no. 9, pp. 806-812, 2001.
[62] A. Yamamoto, B. Cros, H. Hashimoto, and T. Higuchi, "Control of Thermal Tactile Display Based on Prediction of Contact Temperature," Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. Robotics and Automation, vol. 2, pp. 1536-1541, 2004.
[63] W.M. Bergmann Tiest and A.M.L. Kappers, "Tactile Perception of Thermal Diffusivity," Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, vol. 71, no. 3, pp. 481-489, 2009.
[64] K.E. Barrett, S.M. Barman, S. Boitano, and H.L. Brooks, Ganong's Review of Medical Physiology, 23rd ed., pp. 167-172. McGraw-Hill Medical, 2009.
[65] R.J. Schepers and M. Ringkamp, "The Rmoreceptors and Thermosensitive Afferents," Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Rev., vol. 34, pp. 177-184, 2010.
[66] M.A. Srinivasan and R.H. LaMotte, "Tactual Discrimination of Softness," J. Neurophysiology, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 88-101, 1995.
[67] W.M. Bergmann Tiest and A.M.L. Kappers, "Kinaesthetic and Cutaneous Contributions to the Perception of Compressibility," Proc. Sixth Int'l Conf. Haptics: Perception, Devices and Scenarios , pp. 255-264, 2008.
[68] A. Bicchi, E.P. Schilingo, and D. De Rossi, "Haptic Discrimination of Softness in Teleoperation: The Role of the Contact Area Spread Rate," IEEE Trans. Robotics & Automation, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 496-504, Oct. 2000.
[69] K. Fujita and H. Ohmori, "A New Softness Display Interface by Dynamic Fingertip Contact Area Control," Proc. Fifth World MultiConf. Systemics Cybernetics and Informatics, pp. 78-82, 2001.
[70] D. Picard, "Partial Perceptual Equivalence Between Vision and touch for Texture Information," Acta Psychologica, vol. 121, pp. 227-248, 2006.
[71] H. Nagano, S. Okamoto, and Y. Yamada, "What Appeals to Human Touch? Effects of Tactual Factors and Predictability of Textures on Affinity to Textures," Proc. World Haptics Conf. '11, pp. 203-208, 2011.
61 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool