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Issue No. 01 - First Quarter (2013 vol. 6)
ISSN: 1939-1412
pp: 58-68
A. Kucukyilmaz , Coll. of Eng., Koc Univ., Istanbul, Turkey
T. M. Sezgin , Coll. of Eng., Koc Univ., Istanbul, Turkey
C. Basdogan , Coll. of Eng., Koc Univ., Istanbul, Turkey
In human-computer collaboration involving haptics, a key issue that remains to be solved is to establish an intuitive communication between the partners. Even though computers are widely used to aid human operators in teleoperation, guidance, and training, because they lack the adaptability, versatility, and awareness of a human, their ability to improve efficiency and effectiveness in dynamic tasks is limited. We suggest that the communication between a human and a computer can be improved if it involves a decision-making process in which the computer is programmed to infer the intentions of the human operator and dynamically adjust the control levels of the interacting parties to facilitate a more intuitive interaction setup. In this paper, we investigate the utility of such a dynamic role exchange mechanism, where partners negotiate through the haptic channel to trade their control levels on a collaborative task. We examine the energy consumption, the work done on the manipulated object, and the joint efficiency in addition to the task performance. We show that when compared to an equal control condition, a role exchange mechanism improves task performance and the joint efficiency of the partners. We also show that augmenting the system with additional informative visual and vibrotactile cues, which are used to display the state of interaction, allows the users to become aware of the underlying role exchange mechanism and utilize it in favor of the task. These cues also improve the user's sense of interaction and reinforce his/her belief that the computer aids with the execution of the task.
Haptic interfaces, Human computer interaction, Human factors, Virtual environments, Augmented reality

A. Kucukyilmaz, T. M. Sezgin and C. Basdogan, "Intention Recognition for Dynamic Role Exchange in Haptic Collaboration," in IEEE Transactions on Haptics, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 58-68, 2013.
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